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Upanayana and its significance
Ancient Hindu texts specify an age for the Upanayana ceremony or becomingDvija based on the caste (8 for Brahmins, 11 for Kshathriyas, 12 for Vaishyas (Manu Smriti sloka 2:36)). Brahmins devote their life in pursuing the knowledge of "Brahman" and Vedic texts, when one uptakes fulfilling a role in society at the beginning of the student career. It creates a very impressive atmosphere and hence makes sense to start early and continue for a longer time
Though far less common, it is also sometimes conducted for girls. For girls however various other Vrats are prescribed. According to the Vedas, a Brahmin boy, afterUpanayana ceremony on wearing the sacred thread (Lagun, Yagyopavit) is required to observe three days’ continence, which was called "Triratra vrata." It was the beginning of a rigorous training to evoke divine help in the sharpening of the intellect, memory and retaining power and to observe social decorum and to maintain his own dignity and self respect. During these three days, he is not allowed to eat saline food.
He is to sleep on the ground and not allowed to sleep in day time. On the day of the Upanayana he is to beg from those who would not refuse, e.g., his mother and other relatives. On letting the boy to beg it was the ancient tradition of shyshas (disciple) in ashrams who had to beg home to home. Without understanding the deep thought behind the practice ‘Ritual training on begging during boyhood’ can be viewed as
humiliating oppression in the eyes of self dependent materialistic population in present-day globalized economy. For instance, to sleep on the streets or to beg subsistence is a crime in UK through Vagrancy Act 1824, whatever reason an individual might have had for being in such a predicament. But it should not be overlooked that the ceremony of begging emphasized on the student’s mind the fact that, being a non-economic entity, he is dependent on the public charity and he should discharge his duties to society when he would become its earning member.
Ceremony before arrival of youth stage - Upanayana
The first birth of man is physical. Ceremonies performed in connection with the arrival of youth are universally prevalent. The Parsis, the Christians, the Islams, the Buddhists and others all have rites specially meant for this purpose. Christian believes baptism accomplishes the washing away of sin or exorcism from evil spirits or step of obedience in the believer’s life. The Islams initiate their young men by means of circumcision. In certain communities girls are initiated by observing a temporary seclusion. These ceremonies are as important as any other class of social procedure in order to be disciplined to shoulder the burden of the elders. Their basis is civil and object is to prepare the young men for entering on the active duties of citizenship. Performance Upanayana is one such ceremony where students are taught the basic truth how to earn lessons of humility, service, love and respect for the guru and restrain from worldly pleasures, important for an individual in his journey through life. He is taught that his life is governed by Dharma-Adharma (right and wrong), Karya-Akarya(good and bad deeds) and Vidhi-Nisheda (Prescribed and Proscribed actions). A Dvija (meaning "twice born" on Upanayan after physical birth) does what he ought to do rather than what he wants to do. He does not avoid what he dislikes rather he avoids what ought to be avoided
Significance of chanting Mantras
During Upanayna Brahmin boys are asked to learn chanting some Mantras(Gayetri Mantra and others) after being adopted by Guru through Savitri(motherhood) mantra. To understand power of Mantras, it is believed that every matter - from the tiniest DNA strand in human to the largest of continents - is in a state of constant vibration resulting in the emission of subtle sounds (Naad). The great teachers of ancient times had the power to listen to the subtlest of these sounds. They said to have discovered that specific sounds energized specific portions of the brain thereby awakening extraordinary powers (Siddhis). They used these sounds to form sacred words that are calledMantras. Mantras have a profound impact upon us due to two reasons:- The vibration effect of the sound with proper melodies; and the effect of the collective emotional energy behind that word due to constant repetition over time. As regard benefits of Mantras, these act upon our bodies by reprogramming the vibrations of the cells that have somehow gone askew. They restore the pattern of sounds at the heart of each and every cell, thus pushing the cells toward harmonious health. Mantras affect not only our physical body but also our subtle body - our emotions, intellect and soul. They positively affect our aura - the energy shields surrounding our body. As regards energy of aMantra, we hear any word and have an emotional reaction to it. This is because we are conditioned by our experiences connected to that word and the collective emotions that people have towards that word. As an example, the word "mother" when spoken with deliberation, evokes realignment of emotional energy. Power of sounds repeated billions of times, with great collective devotion and over centuries could deeply influence the energy alignment within us, stilling our "monkey mind", which is forever jumping uncontrollably from one thought to another.
Brohmo Jyoti Dorshon
Brahmon Sobha, the global Society, is an educational, religious, cultural and non-profit earning organization. It came into being on 4th April, 2010.
The exact location of Dakini is debated. The Shiva Purana and the Koti Rudra Samhita refer to Bhimashankar Jyotirlingam in Dakini. Daini Bama at Pamohi is interpreted by the devotees to be one of the Dwadas Jyotirlinga
Brahmon Mahila and Yuva Sobha
A wing of Brahmon Sobha. The foundation meeting of the Brahmon Mohila Sobha was inaugurated on chanting Mangalacharan lead by Laksman Chandra Bhattacharjee, President Brahmon Sobha and on lightning lamp and on offerings tributes to Sri Sri Bhagawan Parashuram
Brahmon Sobha in National Platform
All India Multiligual Brahmin Federation (Akhil Bharatiya Bahubhasiya Brahman Mahasangh) President Vedachraya Moreswar Vinayak Ghaisas Guruji along with other members are presenting Memorandum to the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh at Parliament House on 8th May,2012. This is the first occasion that united efforts of All India Multilingual Brahmin Federation could reach to the highest functional office of the Government of India.